Today Tank World News journeys to Cushing, Oklahoma, a small town of no more than 8000 people nicknamed the “Pipeline Crossroads of the World” which hosts the world’s largest tank farm. An oil town since 1912 when the first wildcatters struck oil, it quickly developed major infrastructure and once its own stocks dwindled it shifted to storage aided by a large number of pipes already in place and its central position in the heart of America. Recent figures from Bloomberg Business Week state the total crude stocks (including stock in farms and pipeline fill) to be in excess of 80 million barrels, with a working volume of 65 millions barrels and an increase of 14 million barrels from September 2011.
The slowly lifting Western sanctions against Iran could lead to a significant improvement in the bunker fuel on offer in the Middle East. Iran last week suspended part of its nuclear development work, with the United States and Europe responding by lifting some of the sanctions that have constrained Iran’s economy in recent years. Although much caution remains about the resumption of trade links and the US has again warned that it plans to continue to enforce the existing measures, the lifting of sanctions is will allow Iran to resume export of oil and gas.
Today Tank World talks to PROTEGO® about their VD/TS Combination Pressure/Vacuum Vent with integrated Flame Arrester which is helping minimises costs and time spent on tank vent maintenance across the industry. Since 1954 PROTEGO® has built and provided safety devices and tank equipment, and has grown to have over 450 employees worldwide. They provide global services for customers, which include research and development, application-specific engineering, and overall protection system design for process engineering, the petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries and the bio-energy sector.
As further speakers, exhibitors and partners of Tank World Expo 2014 are confirmed, Tank World offers a free report bringing together the main themes of the 2013 conference and goes beyond the presentation slides to offer a practical, technical tool kit covering issues around tank storage operations. Featuring contributions from Gulf Petrochem, Aqaba Bulk Chemicals, Emerson Process Management, Endress + Hauser, CTS, Horizon Terminals, Fujairah Port, ABCCO, ADCO and many more.
Here are a selection of the topics discussed
- Harmonising Process Management
- Reliable Tank Gauging.
- Automation and Operational Efficiency
- Enhanced Vapour Control
- Efficient Transfers and Logistics Management
- Operational Safety
- Effective Maintenance and Cleaning
- Fully Automated Storage Hubs Of The Future
Click here to download the ‘Tool Kit: Tank Storage Operations’ report for free. For more information on Tank World Expo 2014 and how you can join over 1000 visitors and over 100 executive expert speakers click here at this leading industry event.
Today Tank World talks to Silverwing a company specialising in the design and manufactures of inspection equipment for storage tanks, vessels and pipe work within the oil, gas and petro-chemical industries. With over 20 years of experience working in this sector, few are better placed to offer their expert view into storage tank inspection solutions.
Tanks require inspection at regular intervals to ensure deterioration is detected at an early stage. Effective inspection identifies the repairs required before the point where leakage or other failure occurs, avoiding environmental contamination, product loss, or even catastrophic failure. Degradation can be caused by environmental conditions such as weather and ground conditions, or by the contents stored which may cause internal corrosion. It is often assumed that leakage will occur before a failure, highlighting thinned areas of shell, however this not always the case and there are many instances where catastrophic failure has occurred without there being any prior leakage through the shell. Inspection techniques and equipment should therefore be able to identify degradation and potential total failure as well as the more likely corrosion that leads to leakage.
U.S. transportation officials have confirmed plans to press companies to come up with safer ways to transport oil by rail following a series of explosive accidents. Following a series of fiery accidents of the past year in North Dakota, Quebec, Alabama and New Brunswick pressure was mounting on the government to act. And with the transport of crude oil by rail growing across North America, Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx held a closed door-meeting with oil and railroad executives yesterday resulting in the industry agreeing to make voluntary changes to improve safety within the next 30 days. Measures developed could be altering some routes to avoid highly-populated areas and slowing down trains in high risk areas.
A bit of a quirky story for Tank World today…. An oil tank in the Scottish Highlands has earned a place in the record books after producing the world’s longest echo. Lasting an incredible 75 seconds, the reverberation smashed the previous record by more than a minute. Acoustic scientists emerged from the Inchindown oil storage tanks, in Rosshire, Scotland – an underground fuel depot constructed during World War II, with proof that a gun-shot fired inside the tunnel is a Guinness World Record. Inchindown consists of six caverns or cells excavated in the rock together with two access tunnels. Each tank is 237 metres long x 9.14 metres x 13 metres and has a capacity of 5.6 million gallons. The cells are separated by 15 metre thick walls of intact rock and lined with an 18 inch thick layer of concrete. The service tunnels are also partially lined with concrete and contain the pipelines below floor level.